Circular Carbon Economy

Circular Carbon Economy

Circular carbon economy in Saudi Arabia is the center of attention, and the journey in this field began here. On Earth, carbon dioxide (CO2) plays a sensitive role in maintaining life, but since industrialization, greenhouse gases have dramatically increased, releasing much too much CO2 into the atmosphere. An essential idea for controlling the world’s excessive CO2 emissions is the circular economy.

What is Circular Carbon Economy?

After use, most economies throw away the raw materials as waste while the circular economic system constantly uses the same resources.

A model for managing and lowering emissions is a circular carbon economy. The 4Rs—reduce, reuse, recycle, and remove—are used in a closed-loop system.

To lessen their carbon footprints, Saudi Arabia and Aramco have embraced the circular carbon economy paradigm.

Let’s clarify some concepts related to the circular carbon economy in the world:

  • Reduce

The best ways to combat climate change are to increase energy efficiency, reduce flaring, and replace fossil fuels with low-carbon energy sources like renewables, hydropower, nuclear, and bioenergy.

  • Reuse

Utilizing cutting-edge technologies to capture CO2 allows for its reuse in useful products including fuels, bioenergy, chemicals, building materials, food, and beverages. CO2 has value.

  • Recycle

Chemical reactions convert CO2 into new goods like cement or fertilizer as well as alternative energy sources like synthetic fuels.

  • Remove

While improving photosynthesis by planting flora also helps to reduce emissions, using technology to capture and store CO2 is an essential step in this direction.

Who or what Circular Economy Arabia (CEA) is?

For the greatest impact in lowering global emissions while guaranteeing steady economic growth, we think the circular carbon economy is the optimal structure.

We have implemented a variety of circular economy carbon reduction projects. In order to make consumer products more environmentally friendly, we decrease CO2 emissions, improve fuel efficiency, preserve water, and develop new materials.

By catching it and putting it into underground reservoirs, we remove CO2.

By tracking business energy use and streamlining processes, boosting seismic processing and analysis, optimizing crude oil recovery techniques, and raising oil well productivity, we leverage artificial intelligence and big data to cut emissions.

Our industry’s lowest upstream carbon intensity is already present. We keep coming up with new ideas and investigating practical carbon management methods to reduce the negative environmental effects of our operations.

1) Reduce: Cutting back on gas flare-ups

Although it is a crucial component of maintaining safety in the oil and gas sector, flaring also contributes to CO2 emissions.

There is never an unjustified Aramco flare-up.

We began Circular Economy Arabia (CEA) decades ago and implemented our zero routine flaring programs, which greatly decreases the quantity of gas we flare.

Additionally, we are not reducing our efforts.

2) Use: Adding CO2 to products

By chemically converting CO2 into new products, it can be recycled.

We are able to recycle CO2 into clean, high-value products with notable performance, cost, and carbon footprint features with Converge®, our polypropylene carbonate polyols product line.

Converge® polyols are utilized in commonplace products like household and commercial adhesives, insulation, food packaging, sealants, and elastomers.

Additionally, they absorb greenhouse gases (GHG) from the atmosphere by storing carbon dioxide for a long time.

3) Recycle: Water conservation

There are no rivers in Saudi Arabia, and the country experiences occasional rainfall and hot summers. Water conservation is ingrained in our DNA.

In addition to using alternative water resources including seawater, treated sewage effluent, and treated reject streams, we use the best methods and technologies to maximize the use of wastewater.

Additionally, we use renewable energy sources to power more environmentally friendly water treatment and delivery systems.

4) CO2 can be used and sequestered.

A reservoir’s ability to improve and enhance oil recovery while also sequestering CO2 is improved by adding CO2.

Aramco runs the most sophisticated large-scale CO2 capture and reinjection facility in the Middle East above Ghawar, the largest discovered conventional onshore oil field in the world.

From the ‘Uthmaniyah CO2 reinjection facility, we pump CO2 that has been captured at the Hawiyah NGL Plant 85 kilometers back into the Ghawar oil field.

After waterflooding, it aids in releasing trapped oil, and a significant amount of CO2 is kept trapped in the reservoir.

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